Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary is located between the Anamalai ranges in Tamil Nadu and the Nelliampathy ranges in Kerala. It lies at a height of 300 m to 1,400 m above sea level. The world’s oldest and the tallest teak tree lies here and this sanctuary is said to have the first scientifically managed teak plantation. Another main attraction of this sanctuary is the Kannimara teak tress which is around 350 years old.
There are several peaks in this area namely the Karimala Gopuram which is the tallest peak here. Some other major peaks found in this sanctuary include Puliyarapadam and Vengoli malai. The Vengoli peak is said to inhabit the Nilgiri Tahrs. The tourists can climb these peaks and if possible can get a glance of these animals. There are reservoirs that are connected by tunnels and river channels and have a freshwater ecosystem. The rivers Parambikulam, Sholayar and Thekkady rivers flow through these areas. The three dams in this place are the Parambikulam, Thunacadavu and Perivarapallam. Four different tribes of people namely the Kadar, Malasar, Muduvar and Mala Malasar are living here in colonies.
This sanctuary has a wide variety of flora and fauna. Animals like deer, gaur etc can be seen wandering through the outer areas of the sanctuary whereas animals like tiger, Nilgiri marten etc. can be seen deep inside the sanctuary. Besides these there are about 250 species of birds, 285 species of flora and 1320 species of flowering plants.
The activities that can be carried out from here include camping in the forests; take a look of the animals from the watch towers, bird watching, boating, bamboo rafting etc. The tourists can conduct adventurous trips to the hilly areas and can do trekking if they get permission from the Forest Information centre at Anappady. The trekking trails can be soft, medium, tough or adventurous.